The Spiny Bush Viper is a species of venomous snake found in tropical and subtropical Africa. It is a small, stocky species that is highly variable in coloration, ranging from black to greenish-gray, with a yellow, orange or reddish pattern along its back. Its most distinctive feature is the row of sharp spines along its back and tail. This species feeds primarily on lizards and rodents, but also takes frogs and insects. In captivity, the Spiny Bush Viper can make an interesting pet with proper care and handling.The Spiny Bush Viper is a species of venomous snake found in Africa. It is a member of the family Viperidae and is the only species in the genus Atheris. The Spiny Bush Viper has a distinctive appearance, with a long, slender body, large eyes, and striking coloration. It ranges in color from green to brown with black markings along its back and sides. Its head is covered in small spines that give it its name. The Spiny Bush Viper is an arboreal species, preferring to live in trees and shrubs where it can use its sharp claws to cling onto branches and leaves while hunting insects and small lizards.

Physical Characteristics

The spiny bush viper is a medium-sized snake, growing to an average length of approximately 24 to 30 inches. It has a stout body and a distinct head that is wider than its neck. The dorsal scales are keeled and can be seen as spines running along the snake’s back. Its coloration can range from yellowish brown, olive or gray to orange or red with black markings that vary in shape and pattern from one individual to another. The ventral side of the snake is usually white, cream or yellow in color. It has elliptical pupils and its eyes are golden or amber in color.

Natural Habitat

The natural habitat of the spiny bush viper is typically located in tropical forests in the countries of Gabon, Cameroon and Congo. They prefer dense vegetation and can be found near streams, rivers and ponds where there is plenty of cover for them to hide from predators. They will also occasionally inhabit agricultural land as long as it provides enough cover for them to hide in.


The spiny bush viper is primarily nocturnal, meaning it is most active at night. During the day they will usually remain hidden beneath leaf litter or logs, only coming out when it gets dark. They are solitary animals that do not interact with other members of the species unless they are breeding or defending their territory from intruders. When threatened they may hiss loudly and vibrate their tails rapidly as a warning sign before striking with their venomous fangs if necessary.


The spiny bush viper has an opportunistic diet that consists mainly of rodents, small birds, lizards, frogs and insects such as grasshoppers and crickets. They will also occasionally consume other snakes if food sources are scarce or if they come across an easy meal while hunting at night.

Habitat of Spiny Bush Viper Animal

The Spiny Bush Viper is a nocturnal, arboreal snake that inhabits tropical rainforests in Africa. It has a preference for moist and humid habitats and can be found in the canopy of trees, along the ground, in burrows and even in fallen logs. This species is typically found at elevations ranging from 500 to 1,500 meters above sea level. The Spiny Bush Viper prefers dense vegetation for shelter; however, it can also be found in more open areas such as grasslands and savannas. During the day, the Spiny Bush Viper will hide deep within the foliage to avoid predation. At night it becomes more active and will hunt small vertebrates such as lizards, frogs, rodents and birds.

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The temperature of its habitat is an important factor for this species’ survival; temperatures that are too cold or too hot can cause serious health problems or even death. The Spiny Bush Viper usually avoids areas with high temperatures during the day but may choose to move into these regions at night when temperatures cool down significantly. The humidity of its environment is also important for the snake’s health; if it gets too dry it can suffer from dehydration or skin problems. It’s essential that this species has access to water sources such as streams or ponds to stay hydrated.

Diet of Spiny Bush Viper Animal

The spiny bush viper is a carnivorous animal. It feeds mainly on small mammals, including rodents, shrews and bats. It also feeds on small birds and lizards. It prefers to hunt during the night, when its prey is most active. The spiny bush viper can also consume frogs, snakes and other invertebrates such as centipedes, millipedes and scorpions. This species has an exceptional ability to climb trees in order to access its prey.

The spiny bush viper is an ambush predator that uses its camouflage to surprise its prey. Its diet consists mainly of freshly killed animals, although it sometimes eats carrion as well. This species has been known to follow the scent of dead animals for several days in order to locate their carcasses.

The spiny bush viper does not have a specific feeding schedule but instead hunts whenever the opportunity arises. Its feeding habits are largely determined by environmental factors such as temperature and humidity. During periods of drought or extreme temperatures, the spiny bush viper may go without food for several weeks at a time.

Overall, the diet of the spiny bush viper consists primarily of small mammals, birds and lizards but it will feed on other animals if given the opportunity. Its dietary preferences are largely determined by environmental factors such as temperature and humidity as well as availability of prey species in its habitat.

Behaviour of Spiny Bush Viper Animal

Spiny bush viper is a venomous snake species found in tropical Africa, primarily in sub-Saharan regions. It is known for its bright and distinctive yellow-green coloration, which helps it to blend into the environment. The spiny bush viper is a nocturnal animal, meaning it is active at night and hides during the day. It spends most of its time in trees and bushes, often basking in the sun during the day. During the night, they become very active and hunt for prey such as small mammals, lizards, frogs, and birds.

When it comes to defence against predators, spiny bush vipers rely on their venomous bite as their primary defence mechanism. They also have a unique defensive behaviour that involves inflating their body with air when threatened to make them appear larger than they actually are. This usually startles predators away before they can attack.

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Spiny bush vipers are solitary animals that prefer to live alone except during mating season when males will search for females to mate with. During mating season, males will often fight each other in order to gain dominance and access to potential mates. After mating has occurred, the female will lay eggs which she will then guard until they hatch a few weeks later.

In general, spiny bush vipers are shy and reclusive animals that prefer to be left alone. They are not considered aggressive towards humans unless provoked or threatened but should still be treated with caution due to their venomous bite.

Reproduction of Spiny Bush Viper Animal

The spiny bush viper is a species of venomous snake found in tropical rainforests in Africa. This species is known for its unique reproductive habits and has long been a source of fascination for herpetologists. The spiny bush viper is ovoviviparous, meaning that it gives birth to live young rather than laying eggs.

The process of reproduction begins when the female will mate with multiple males during the mating season. After mating occurs, the female will store the sperm internally for up to a year before she gives birth. During this time, she will feed heavily and build up her fat stores to provide energy for the upcoming pregnancy.

When the time comes for her to give birth, she will seek out a safe place away from predators to do so. The female usually gives birth to between five and fifteen live young at once, which are fully independent upon birth and require no parental care or protection from their mother.

The spiny bush viper is an incredible species with fascinating reproductive habits that have long been studied by scientists and herpetologists alike. Its ability to store sperm over long periods of time and give birth to live young makes it a truly unique animal worthy of admiration and respect!

Predators of Spiny Bush Viper Animal

The spiny bush viper is a venomous snake found in East and Central Africa. While it is not necessarily a danger to humans, it does have several predators that are always on the lookout for an easy meal. These predators include birds of prey, large lizards, other snakes, and even some primates. Birds of prey such as eagles and hawks often hunt the spiny bush viper, which is relatively small in size. Larger lizards such as monitors and chameleons can also take down the snake if they come across it. Other snakes, such as constrictors, pose a threat to the spiny bush viper as they can overpower it with their size and strength. Even some primates have been known to take advantage of this small snake when encountered in its natural habitat.

While the predators of the spiny bush viper are numerous, it does have some defenses that help keep it safe from harm. One of its most effective defense mechanisms is its ability to camouflage itself amongst its surroundings by changing colors or blending into tree bark or other foliage. It also has sharp spines along its back that act as a deterrent to would-be attackers. Lastly, the spiny bush viper has venom which can be used against predators if necessary.

Habitat Loss

One of the primary threats to the survival of the spiny bush viper is habitat loss. This species is found in tropical and subtropical forests, but these forests are being destroyed due to deforestation. As their natural habitats are destroyed, the spiny bush vipers have fewer places to hide and find food, leading to a decrease in their population. Additionally, this species is particularly vulnerable to climate change, as it can cause unpredictable changes in temperature and rainfall which could further reduce the number of suitable habitats for this species.

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Another major threat to the spiny bush viper is poaching. This species is highly sought after by collectors due to its striking coloration and rarity. Unfortunately, this has led to a dramatic decline in the population of wild spiny bush vipers as poachers continue to target them for sale on the exotic pet market. It is estimated that hundreds of thousands of wild animals are illegally traded each year and while this number may not seem high, it can have a devastating impact on a species that already has a limited population.

Invasive Species

Invasive species also pose a major threat to the survival of spiny bush vipers. Invasive species can compete with native wildlife for food and other resources, leading to declines in native populations. Additionally, invasive predators such as snakes or birds may prey upon spiny bush vipers if given the opportunity. The introduction of non-native animals into an area can also disrupt existing ecosystems by introducing diseases or parasites that may not have been present before.

Climate Change

Finally, climate change poses a major threat to the survival of spiny bush vipers. Changes in temperature and rainfall patterns can drastically alter an animal’s habitat and its ability to find food or shelter. As temperatures rise, these snakes may be forced into areas with inadequate resources or even outside their natural range entirely, making them more vulnerable to predation or exposure to harsh environmental conditions. Additionally, changes in precipitation patterns could reduce the availability of water sources necessary for these reptiles’ survival.


The Spiny Bush Viper is an excellent example of the fascinating world of reptiles. This species is an amazing predator that feeds mainly on small mammals and birds. Its unique coloration and pattern make it stand out from other species of vipers, and it has a great ability to blend into its environment. Despite its small size, the Spiny Bush Viper is a powerful hunter that can strike with precision and speed. It also has the ability to recognize humans, which makes it a great pet for those who are knowledgeable about its care and handling. All in all, the Spiny Bush Viper is a beautiful animal with an incredible range of adaptations that make it a great addition to any reptile enthusiast’s collection.

The Spiny Bush Viper can be found in several different habitats ranging from tropical rainforests to dry savannas. It has been found in Africa, Asia, India, and even some parts of Europe. This species is considered vulnerable due to habitat loss, but some conservation efforts have been successful in preserving its population. With proper care and handling, the Spiny Bush Viper can be kept as a pet or enjoyed in its natural habitat as part of an educational experience.

In conclusion, the Spiny Bush Viper is an impressive creature with many interesting features that make it stand out among other species of vipers. Its beautiful patterning and coloration help it blend into its environment while also providing protection from predators. With proper care and handling, this species can be enjoyed by both experienced reptile enthusiasts as well as those new to keeping reptiles as pets.

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Sony Kespes


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