The Smooth Green Snake (Liochlorophis vernalis) is a species of non-venomous snake found in North America. It is one of the smallest snakes in the United States, growing up to 20 inches in length. Smooth Green Snakes are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day and rest at night. They are typically found near water sources such as streams, rivers, and ponds. The Smooth Green Snakes diet consists mainly of small insects and spiders but may also feed on frogs and lizards. These snakes have smooth green or olive-colored scales with yellowish or whitish bellies, making them easy to identify in their natural habitats.A Smooth Green Snake is a non-venomous species of Colubrid snake native to the United States and Canada. It is identifiable by its bright green coloring and smooth scales. They are diurnal and typically found in grasslands, woodlands, and wetlands. Smooth Green Snakes feed primarily on insects and spiders.


The Smooth Green Snake is a medium-sized snake that can reach lengths of up to 36 inches. It has a slender, olive-green body with a yellow or white underbelly, and the scales are smooth and shiny. Its head is slightly pointed and its eyes have round pupils. The Smooth Green Snake can easily be distinguished from other snakes due to its unique coloration.


The Smooth Green Snake is typically found in open grasslands and fields, often near streams or rivers. They also inhabit woodlands, wetlands, gardens, and agricultural areas. They thrive in moist habitats where they can find plenty of grasses and other vegetation to eat.


The Smooth Green Snake primarily feeds on insects such as caterpillars, grasshoppers, beetles, crickets, moths, spiders, and even small frogs. It will also consume slugs and small snakes when available. It uses its forked tongue to detect prey by sampling the air for chemical scents.


The Smooth Green Snake is generally non-aggressive and docile in nature. It prefers to flee rather than fight if it feels threatened or disturbed by a potential predator or human presence. When it feels cornered or threatened it may hiss loudly in an attempt to scare away the intruder.


The Smooth Green Snake is ovoviviparous which means that the eggs are hatched inside the female’s body before being born alive. Females typically give birth to between 4-12 live young in the late spring or early summer months after a gestation period of approximately two months.

Physical Characteristics of Smooth Green Snake

The smooth green snake (Opheodrys vernalis) is a slender, non-venomous snake found across much of the United States and parts of Canada. They vary in length from 18 to 30 inches and have a very thin body with a smooth, olive green dorsal color and yellowish or white ventral scales. Juveniles often have a yellow or light green stripe along their back. The head is small and narrow with dark markings around the eyes. The scales are very smooth and glossy, giving the snake its name.

See also  What is Shepweiler Animal

The smooth green snake can be found in a variety of habitats including grasslands, meadows, fields, woodlands, marshes, lakeshores, and gardens. They are commonly seen basking on vegetation during the day and are active mostly in spring and summer months. They feed on small insects such as caterpillars, grasshoppers, beetles and spiders. They will also occasionally eat small frogs or lizards.

Smooth green snakes are typically calm when approached by humans but can become defensive when cornered or handled for too long. When disturbed they may vibrate their tails in leaves or grass to mimic the sound of rattlesnakes as a deterrent to predators.

Overall the smooth green snake is a beautiful creature that plays an important role in controlling insect populations in its native habitats. Its bright coloration makes it an interesting species to observe in the wild!

Habitat of a Smooth Green Snake

Smooth green snakes are found throughout the eastern parts of North America and parts of Canada. They inhabit open, grassy areas and are commonly found near water sources, such as streams, ponds, and lakes. These areas provide them with plenty of food sources such as frogs, lizards, and insects. They also find shelter in tall grasses or in the crevices of rocks or tree roots. In winter they hibernate in underground burrows.

Range of a Smooth Green Snake

The smooth green snake is found mainly in the eastern parts of North America, ranging from Canada to northern Florida and as far west as Ohio. They can also be found in parts of Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Illinois, and Missouri. The species is absent from most of the southeastern United States but can be found as far south as Georgia.

Diet of a Smooth Green Snake

Smooth green snakes are small and slender reptiles that consume a variety of foods in the wild. They are primarily insectivores, meaning they prefer to feed on insects such as beetles, crickets, grasshoppers and moths. In some cases, they may also feed on other small invertebrates like spiders or small lizards. They have also been known to consume small amphibians such as frogs and salamanders.

In captivity, smooth green snakes can be fed a variety of insects such as crickets and mealworms. Live or pre-killed mice can also be offered as a treat but should not be used as a regular part of the diet. Wild-caught individuals may eat pinky mice in captivity but should only be offered occasionally. Pre-killed rodents can also be fed in captivity but should not be used as the primary source of food.

See also  What is Skye Terrier Animal

In the wild, smooth green snakes will often seek out sunny spots near vegetation to find their prey. They tend to hunt during the day when most insects are active and can easily be seen. As with most reptiles, they will store up energy during the day and rest at night when it is cooler and less active.

Overall, smooth green snakes require an appropriate diet that consists mainly of live insects supplemented with occasional treats like pre-killed mice or pinky mice for wild-caught individuals. A healthy diet is essential for these animals to remain strong and healthy in captivity.

Life Cycle of a Smooth Green Snake

The life cycle of a smooth green snake begins with the hatching of eggs, usually during the spring or summer months. After hatching, the young snakes will feed on insects and other small invertebrates, eventually growing to an adult size of between two and three feet in length. As the snake matures, its diet will expand to include frogs and other small vertebrates. During the winter months, they will often hibernate in burrows or under rocks, emerging in the spring when temperatures rise and food is more readily available.

When it comes time to reproduce, smooth green snakes will mate during the summer months, with females laying clutches of up to 10 eggs in late summer or early fall. The eggs typically hatch in late fall or early winter and begin their own journey through life. The entire process from egg-laying to hatching takes about two months.

Smooth green snakes can live up to 8 years in captivity but typically only live 2-3 years in the wild due to predation by larger animals such as hawks, raccoons and foxes. Natural predators also include other snakes such as black rat snakes and garter snakes.

Overall, smooth green snakes are beneficial members of their ecosystem as they help keep insect populations under control by eating them as their primary food source. They also provide a food source for larger predators and help maintain balance within their environment.

Behavior of a Smooth Green Snake

The Smooth Green Snake is an active, diurnal species that prefers habitats with dense vegetation. They are usually found in moist woodlands, near streams, or in grassy fields. They are most active during the day and spend much of their time foraging for food. During the night, they will seek shelter in crevices or burrows.

Smooth Green Snakes are non-venomous and very shy. When threatened, they will often try to escape by quickly retreating into a nearby crevice or burrow. If this is not possible, they will coil their body into a tight ball and remain motionless until the threat has passed. This behavior, known as “balling up”, is used as a last resort to avoid being detected by predators.

Smooth Green Snakes are also known to be quite vocal at times, producing loud hissing noises when threatened or agitated. The hiss is made by forcing air through the snake’s glottis (the opening between its mouth and throat). This behavior is used to startle potential predators and ward them off.

See also  What is Snowshoe Animal

In general, Smooth Green Snakes are gentle creatures that prefer to avoid conflict whenever possible. They will not attack humans unless provoked and can even be kept as pets if proper care is taken. With the correct environment and handling techniques, these snakes can make wonderful companions for experienced reptile owners.

Predators of a Smooth Green Snake

The Smooth Green Snake is a species of non-venomous North American Colubrid snake. It inhabits a wide range of habitats including woodlands, meadows, marshes and fields. Despite its small size, this species is preyed upon by a variety of predators.

The most common predators of the Smooth Green Snake are birds of prey, such as hawks and owls. These birds typically hunt during the day and can spot the snake from high in the sky. Other avian predators include crows and jays, which are more likely to take advantage of snakes that are out in the open during the day.

Mammalian predators include foxes, weasels, raccoons, skunks and opossums. They typically hunt at night when the snake is foraging for food or basking in the sun. These animals have sharp senses and will seize any opportunity to capture an easy meal.

Reptilian predators include larger snakes such as rat snakes and garter snakes. These species are opportunistic hunters that take advantage of any food source they can find. They will often feed on smaller snakes or even their own eggs if given the chance.

Finally, amphibians such as bullfrogs may also prey on Smooth Green Snakes if they come across one while they are hunting for food in shallow bodies of water or along grassy banks. Bullfrogs have powerful legs that can easily grab a passing snake to make an easy meal.


Smooth green snakes are a harmless species of snake found in North America. They are non-venomous and feed mainly on insects and other small invertebrates. They are relatively small, reaching an adult size of only 1-1.5 feet long. Smooth green snakes camouflage well with their surrounding environment and often remain unnoticed by humans. Smooth green snakes prefer to live in grassy, wetland areas where they can find plenty of food sources and shelter from predators.

In addition to the previously mentioned habitats, smooth green snakes can also be found in urban areas near streams, wetlands, and parks due to the abundance of insects there. Although harmless to humans, they can be beneficial because they consume large amounts of insect pests that damage crops or gardens.

Overall, smooth green snakes provide a unique opportunity for nature lovers to observe a beautiful and elusive species of snake up close!

“Disclosure: Some of the links in this post are “affiliate links.” This means if you click on the link and purchase the item, I will receive an affiliate commission. This does not cost you anything extra on the usual cost of the product, and may sometimes cost less as I have some affiliate discounts in place I can offer you”

Sony Kespes


I hope you enjoyed reading this article.

The article is written by me where I share my passion for this topic and I hope I have shed some light to you on this topic.

If you would like to learn more about me check the about page here.