The Ural owl (Strix uralensis) is a species of large owl native to the forests of Northern Europe and parts of Asia. It is one of the largest species of owl found in Europe, reaching a length up to 53 cm (21 in) and a wingspan up to 120 cm (47 in). The Ural owl has a characteristic rounded head, yellow eyes, and dark brown plumage with white spots. It is mostly nocturnal, but can often be seen during daylight hours hunting for small mammals such as voles and mice.The Ural Owl (Strix uralensis) is a species of owl found in northern Eurasia. It is a medium-sized owl with a rounded head and a brownish-gray upper body plumage. Its face is pale with dark eyes and a dark, hooked bill. The underside of the body is barred with white and buff. It has long, barred tail feathers, which can be used to identify the species from other owls. The Ural Owl lives in coniferous forests and open woodlands near wetlands, and it feeds mainly on small mammals, birds, and insects.

Physical Appearance

The Ural Owl has a unique physical appearance that sets it apart from other owls. It has a mottled gray-brown and white plumage with white spots on its head, chest and wings. Its eyes are yellow, and it has a dark brown facial disc. Its wingspan is larger than most species of owls, measuring up to 60 inches in length. The Ural Owl is also relatively large, weighing up to 2 pounds.


The Ural Owl is found in Europe and Asia. It prefers dense forests of conifers and deciduous trees, as well as open grasslands. They are also often found near wetlands or in agricultural areas. They tend to avoid areas with higher human populations, preferring more remote habitats.


The Ural Owl feeds mainly on small mammals such as voles, mice, shrews and hares. They will also take small birds such as grouse and thrushes if available. In addition to hunting for food during the night hours, they will scavenge for food during the day when necessary.


The Ural Owl is nocturnal, meaning it spends its nights hunting for food while roosting during the day in tree hollows or thick vegetation cover. It is a solitary bird that does not form social groups like some other species of owls do. It does however engage in courtship displays with its mate prior to nesting season each year. The Ural Owl typically lays between four and seven eggs which hatch after about three weeks of incubation by the female owl only.

Physical Characteristics

The Ural Owl is a medium-sized owl, measuring 40–45 cm (15.7–17.7 inches) in length and weighing about 450–600 g (15.9– 21.2 oz). Its plumage is dark brown, with speckled white or pale buff spots on the underside of the wings and tail. Its head is round and covered with dark feathers, and its eyes are yellow or orange. It has a facial disc with white eyebrows and a black beak. Its legs are feathered, and its feet are yellowish-brown in color. The Ural Owl is usually silent but sometimes emits a low hoot or hiss sound when alarmed.

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The Ural Owl is found in coniferous forests of Northern Europe and Asia, including parts of Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Sweden, Norway, Russia, Mongolia, China and Japan. They prefer open deciduous woodlands or coniferous forests near water sources such as lakes or rivers. The Ural Owl can also be found in urban areas such as parks or gardens.


The Ural Owl primarily feeds on small mammals such as voles and mice but will also eat birds, amphibians, reptiles and insects when available. They hunt by perching on a branch and waiting for prey to pass by before swooping down to catch it with their talons.


Ural Owls are nocturnal birds that roost in trees during the day to avoid detection from predators such as hawks or foxes. They are solitary animals that mate for life, with pairs typically occupying the same territory year-round. During the breeding season they construct a nest out of sticks in tree cavities or holes in buildings where they lay 2-4 eggs which hatch after about 30 days.

Where Does the Ural Owl Live?

The Ural owl is a species of owl native to central and northern Europe, as well as parts of Asia. It has a distinctive dark brown plumage and large, round eyes that give it an alert and curious expression. This species is most active at night, when they hunt small mammals such as mice and voles.

The Ural owl prefers to live in old-growth coniferous forests with dense foliage, where it can find plenty of prey to hunt. It typically nests in tree cavities or on the ground, among rocks and fallen trees. In Northern Europe, the Ural owl is found in Finland, Sweden and Norway. In Central Europe, it can be found in Germany and Poland. In Asia, its range stretches from the Ural Mountains to Mongolia and China.

The Ural owl is a territorial species that will defend its nest site from intruders, but it is generally quite shy when it comes to humans. It will often remain hidden during the day or fly away if disturbed by humans or other animals. The population of this species has been declining due to habitat destruction and fragmentation caused by human development.

What Does the Ural Owl Eat?

The Ural Owl is a nocturnal species of owl that is found in parts of Europe and Asia. These owls are known for their unique appearance, which includes a distinctive greyish-brown facial mask and yellow eyes. They are also carnivorous animals, meaning they feed on other animals for nutrition. So, what does the Ural Owl eat?

The Ural Owl has a varied diet that includes small mammals such as rodents, shrews, and bats, as well as reptiles and birds. They will also sometimes feed on insects such as beetles or caterpillars. In addition to these items, the Ural Owl will also occasionally consume fruits and berries that it finds in its habitat.

The Ural Owl is an opportunistic hunter and will take advantage of any food source it finds. It typically hunts by perching on a branch or tree trunk and then waiting for its prey to come close enough to grab with its sharp talons. Once it has identified its target, the owl swoops down to capture it quickly before returning back to its roosting spot.

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In addition to hunting live prey, the Ural Owl has been known to scavenge carrion from carcasses left by other predators or hunters. This behavior helps them make sure they have enough food during times when hunting is unsuccessful or difficult due to weather conditions or other factors.

Overall, the Ural Owl is an opportunistic hunter with a varied diet that includes small mammals, reptiles, birds, insects, fruits and berries, as well as carrion that it scavenges from carcasses left by other predators or hunters. This adaptability allows them to survive in many different habitats throughout their range in Europe and Asia.

Reproduction of the Ural Owl

The Ural Owl is a species of owl found in Europe and Asia. It is one of the largest and most powerful species of owl in the world. The Ural Owl has an extensive breeding range, which covers most of Europe and parts of Asia. Its reproductive cycle typically begins in March or April, with the female laying a clutch of four to seven eggs. The eggs are incubated for around four weeks before hatching, and the young birds fledge after another four weeks. Adult Ural Owls usually mate for life, but will look for new partners if one dies or disappears.

Ural Owls typically nest in tree cavities, though they may also use cavities in buildings or other artificial structures. The nesting sites are usually located near meadows and clearings, which provide plenty of food for the adults and their young. The female owl remains with her chicks until they are able to fly, which takes about seven to eight weeks after hatching. During this time, the female provides food for her chicks by catching small rodents like voles and mice. Once the chicks have fledged, they disperse from their nesting site and find their own territories where they can hunt for food on their own.

Ural Owls reach sexual maturity between one and two years old, depending on environmental conditions like food availability and weather patterns. In more favourable conditions – such as during a mild winter – owls may be able to reproduce earlier than usual. After reaching sexual maturity, Ural Owls can live up to ten years in the wild if they avoid predators like hawks and foxes.

Conservation Status of the Ural Owl

The conservation status of the Ural owl has been a concern for many years. The species is classified as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List and is listed on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). It is also listed as Vulnerable on the national red lists of several countries, including Russia, Belarus, and Ukraine.

The decline of the Ural owl population is mainly due to habitat destruction and degradation due to logging, agricultural expansion, and urbanization. The species is also threatened by human activities such as hunting, poisoning, collision with vehicles, and electrocution from power lines. Over-collection for captivity has also been recorded in some areas.

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In order to protect this species from further decline, several conservation measures have been taken. These include protecting nesting sites from disturbance and logging activities; limiting hunting and trapping; establishing protected areas; and reintroducing individuals into areas where populations have declined or become extinct. In addition, captive breeding programs are being implemented in some countries in order to increase population numbers.

It is important that these conservation efforts be continued in order to ensure the survival of this species. Furthermore, public awareness campaigns should be conducted in order to educate people about the importance of conserving this species and its habitat. With concerted effort from all sectors, it is possible to ensure that the Ural owl remains a part of our world for many more years to come.


The Ural Owl is a medium-sized owl with brown upperparts and greyish-brown underparts. It has yellow eyes, a yellow bill, and long ear tufts. Its facial disc is brownish-buff in color. The tail is short and barred. Its wings are long and broad, making it adept at soaring and gliding over vast distances.


The Ural Owl inhabits coniferous forests, open woodlands, wetlands, and agricultural areas across northern Europe and northern Asia. It prefers to nest in tree cavities or abandoned nests of other birds such as crows or magpies. During the winter months, it can be seen in open fields or meadows searching for prey.


The Ural Owl feeds mainly on small mammals such as voles, mice, moles, shrews, and occasionally birds. It hunts by perching on a branch or tree top before swooping down to capture its prey with its talons. It also eats insects such as beetles and other invertebrates.

Interesting Facts

The Ural Owl is one of the oldest species of owls in the world with fossils dating back over 30 million years ago! They have an impressive range of vocalizations including hoots, trills, whistles and screeches which they use to communicate with each other. The female typically lays four to five eggs in her nest which she incubates for around 28 days before they hatch. The young owls stay dependent on their parents for about three months before learning how to hunt for themselves.


The Ural owl is a fascinating species of owl that is native to the forests and woodlands of northern Europe and Asia. This species has a unique coloration, with its gray and black feathers, as well as a distinct call that can be heard in the evening. The Ural owl is an important part of their natural environment and is an important predator in their ecosystem. They are also a popular bird for birdwatchers, photographers, and other animal enthusiasts.

The Ural owl is a remarkable species with its beautiful colors and haunting calls. Although this species may not be as well-known as some other owls, it certainly deserves recognition for its beauty, importance in its environment, and for being an interesting subject for birdwatchers. With the proper protection and conservation efforts, this species will continue to thrive in its natural habitats for generations to come.

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